Acne is a skin condition that shows up as bumps and lumps anywhere on the body. These bumps include blackheads, whiteheads, pimples and cysts.
Teenagers get acne because of their raging hormonal changes that come with puberty, and unfortunately if your parents had acne as teenagers it's possible you will be more prone to developing acne as well. The good news is that, for many people acne disappears almost completely by the time they hit their twenties.
The type of acne most teenagers get is called acne vulgaris, and it usually shows up on the face, neck, shoulders, upper back, and chest.
The hair follicles, or pores, in human skin contains sebaceous glands (also called oil glands). They make sebum which is an oil that lubricates hair and skin. Most of the time, sebaceous glands make the right amount of sebum, but as a teenagers body begins to mature and develop, hormones stimulate the sebaceous glands to make more and more sebum, and the glands become overactive.
The pores of the skin become clogged if there is too much sebum and too many dead skin cells and bacteria (especially a bacteria called Propionibacterium acnes) get's trapped inside the pores and multiply, thus causing swelling and redness - the start of acne.
Reports show over 90 percent of all adolescents and almost 25 percent of all adults are acne sufferers. And though acne affects about 50 percent of all adult women, acne affects males and females worldwide, regardless of nationality.
Acne has a significant impact on a person's outlook on life, and recent studies have detected the following as common among people with acne:
- Social withdrawal
- Decreased self-esteem
- Reduced self-confidence
- Poor body image
- Feelings of depression
- Higher rate of unemployment
Source: Kim Standerline